Kushinagar- where Gautama Buddha attained parinirvana

What is Kushinagar famous for? Kushinagar is the place where Gautam Buddha attained parinirvana. Kushinagar has huge significance in Gautam Buddha’s life. As per historical significance of Kushinagar, it was the city of Kush the son of lord Ram. Lord Mahavir also attained Parinirvana at Pawa, (Fazilnagar), 16 km from Kushinagar.

Kushinagar is located in Kushinagar district in Uttar Pradesh state in India under the administrative division of Gorakhpur with headquarters at Padrauna.

Significance of Kushinagar in Gautam Buddha's life

Kushinagar Nirvana Temple photo
What is Kushinagar famous for? People often ask me this question. Importance of Kushinagar in Gautam Buddha's life, lies in the fact that, it is the place where Gautama Buddha attained parinirvana in the 6th or 5th centuries BCE after his death. Thus Kushinagar is a Buddhist pilgrimage site in Uttar Pradesh in India.

Kushinagar is also associated with Lord Mahavir, the founder of Jainism. It is said that, Lord Mahavir attained Parinirvana at Pawa, which is today known as Fazilnagar, and is 16 km south-east of Kushinagar.

Historical significance of Kushinagar

History of Kushinagar dates as back as period of Ramayana. Ancient name of Kushinagar is Kushavati (Jatakas). As per the great epic Ramayan of Hindu Mythology, Kushinagar was the city of Kusha the son of Lord Ram. Later, Chandraketu, son of Lakshman, took control over the region, when Kush left for Ayodhya, after Lord Rama's renunciation of the world. Kushavati (Kushinagar) was also the center of the Malla kingdom of ancient India. Later, it started being known as Kushinara, which later changed to kushinagar. It is one of the most important four holy sites for Buddhists in India. The other three being Kapilavatthu (near Lumbini), Buddhagaya (Bodh Gaya), and Isipatana (Sarnath). Gautama Buddha attained Parinirvana (or 'Final Nirvana') at Kushinagar, near the Hiranyavati River.

Ruins of stupas and viharas from 3rd century BCE - 5th century CE can be found in kushinagar, which suggests that at that period of time it was a place for Buddhists culture and civilization. The Great King, Ashoka, did a lot for development of Kushinagar.

Why did Buddha Choose to attain Parinirvana at Kusinagar

Basically there are 3 reasons behind Lord Buddha choosing to attain Parinirvana at Kusinagar.
  • Because it was the proper venue for the preaching of the Mahá-Sudassana Sutta
  • Because Subhadda would visit him there and, after listening to his sermon, would develop meditation and become an arahant while the Buddha was still alive
  • Because the brahman Doha would be there, to solve the problem of the distribution of Buddha's relics after his death.

  • Famous Buddhist pilgrimage sites in India
    The Four Main places for Buddhist pilgrimage in India are Lumbini, Bodh Gaya, Sarnath and Kushinagar. Other sites are Sravasti, Rajgir, Sankissa, Vaishali

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    Author: kunal singh04 Nov 2012 Member Level: Bronze   Points : 2

    Hi Skp,
    That's the nice post abut the Kusinagar. I will gone that place it is a nice place and also near about the my home. But you are not properly explained about the Kusinagar.
    This is nice place also a hot spot for tourists in East U.P. Near about the Kusinagar are many Buddha Bihar is situated.
    You have to mention about that how to reach the Kusinagar. The Kusinagar is connected via rail and road from main cities of India.
    Thanks for this post.

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