History and rulers of Mahoba in UP

Mahoba in Uttar Pradesh has long history and many rulers like Chandela kings, Prithviraj Chauhan, Maratha Rulers, Qutub-ud-din-aibak etc. and fighters like Aha-Udal are associated with it. Get to know the complete history and different rulers of Mahoba in Uttar Pradesh in this article.

Mahoba city is located in Mahoba District of Uttar Pradesh (UP), in Bundelkhand region. Mahoba is one of the tourist places to visit in Uttar Prdaesh and is popular for being the Chandela Rajputs kingdom, who ruled Bundelkhand from the 10th to the 16th centuries. Mahoba is also popular for its closeness to Khajuraho, Laundi and other historic places like Kulpahar, Charkhari, Kalinjar, Orchha, and Jhansi. The Vijay-sagar reservoir, created by Chandela king Vijaypal, is one of several artificial lakes in Mahoba created by the Chandela rulers, which is the place of tourist attraction.

Different rulers and history of Mahoba in Uttar Pradesh

Mahoba has a long history with different rulers. It seemed that Mahoba was a place of quite importance as all the rulers tried to capture it. Here is the chronological order in which different rulers and dynasties captured Mahoba.
  • Mahba originally belonged to Chandela rules.
  • Great Rajput warrior, Prithviraj Chauhan. III of Delhi captured Mahoba during the reign of king Paramardi in 1182, though, his brave generals Alha & Udal, fought in that war, but that was of no use.
  • Chandelas recaptured Mahoba after few years.
  • Qutb-ud-din Aybak, who later became Sultan of Delhi captured Mahoba. He built Qutub Minar in Delhi.
  • Chandela ruler Keerat Pal Singh recaptured Mahoba in the 14th century.
  • Emperor Sher Shah Suri captured Mahoba.
  • Mughal emperor Akbar captured Mahoba
  • The Bundela leader Maharaja Chhatrasal in 1680, during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.
  • In 1732, Chhatra Sal bequeathed Mahoba to the Peshwa Baji Rao I in return for his assistance against the Mughals.
  • Mahoba ceded to British India by the Treaty of Bassein.
  • Mahoba was made a subdivision of Hamirpur District.

    The name Mahoba is derived from 'Mahotsav Nagar'. Chandra-Verman or Nannuka was the founder of the Chandella dynasty. Three other names of the Mahoba city were: Kekaipur, Patanpur and Ratanpur. Before the Chandelas, Mahoba was held by the Gahadvala and Pratihara clans of Rajputs. Chandra-Verman, the founder of Chandela dynasty made Mahoba is capital. Other famous Chandela rulers were
  • Vijai-pal (1035-1045 AD), built the Vijai-sagar lake
  • Keerti-Verman (1060-1100 AD), built Keerat sagar lake
  • Madan-Verman (1128-1164 AD), built Madan Sagar.
  • Parmardi-deva or Parmal, famous for his two Generals 'Alha' and 'Udal'.

    Famous Battles fought for Mahoba

    History of famous battle and switch of rulers of Mahoba goes back to 1182 A.D when Parmala and Delhi king Prithviraj Chauhan fought a war for Mahoba against each other and Prithvi Raj captured Mahoba. However, a few years later, Samarjeet, son of Parmala, established Chandela rule again, by Chauhan king. Qutubuddin Aibek attacked Mahoba and Kalinjar in 1203 A.D.

    Mahoba has been famous for its betel-leaves cultivation ever since the first Chandella ruler Chandra-Verman. There During the region of reign of Farrukhsiyar, his general Mohammed Khan Bangash invaded Bundelkhand in the year 1729 AD. At that time ruler Chatrasal had to seek aid from Peshwa Baji rao as he was too aged to fight battle. The Peshwa won that battle and Chhatrasal bequeathed one third of his dominion to the Maratha Chieftain as token of his gratitude. That part included Mahoba, Shri Nagar, Jaitpur, Kulpahar etc. Later, under the treaty Bessien in 1803 AD the marathas ceded Bundelkhand area to British rulers. British General Whitloack restored British rule by defeating local rebels and hanging them on the trees in the vicinity called Haveli Darwaza. A "Shaheed Mela in Mahoba" is now annually held there to commemorate the memory of those rebels.

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